Pain Science: Dry Needling 2 – Theory Webinar

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Pain Science: Dry Needling 2 – Theory Webinar

Instructor: Jan Dommerholt, PT, DPT, MPS, DAAPM
Clock Hours: Four (4) contact hours
Grading method: online multiple-choice exam and passing score is ≥70%.


Instructional methods

  • Webinar



  • Dommerholt, J, Bron, C & Franssen, JLM, 2006. Myofascial trigger points; an evidence-informed review. J Manual Manipulative Ther, 14, 203-221.
  • Dommerholt, J & Fernández De Las Peñas, C 2013 Trigger point dry needling; an evidenced and clinical-based approach. Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone.
  • Dommerholt, J & Huijbregts, PA 2011 Myofascial trigger points: pathophysiology and evidence-informed diagnosis and management Boston, Jones & Bartlett.
  • Dommerholt, J, Mayoral, O & Gröbli, C, 2006. Trigger point dry needling. J Manual Manipulative Ther, 14, E70-E87.
  • Dommerholt, J & Shah, J 2010. Myofascial pain syndrome. In: BALLANTYNE, J. C., RATHMELL, J. P. & FISHMAN, S. M. (eds.) Bonica’s Management of Pain. Baltimore: Lippincott, Williams & Williams.
  • Fernandez-De-Las-Penas, C & Dommerholt, J, 2014. Myofascial trigger points: peripheral or central phenomenon? Curr Rheumatol Rep, 16, 395.
  • Wolff, MS, Michel, TH, Krebs, DE & Watts, NT, 1991. Chronic pain–assessment of orthopedic physical therapists’ knowledge and attitudes. Physical Therapy, 71, 207-214.
  • Wall, PD & Mcmahon, SB, 1985. Microneuronography and its relation to perceived sensation. A critical review. Pain, 21, 209-229.
  • Melzack, R, 1999. From the gate to the neuromatrix. Pain, Suppl 6, S121-126.
  • Melzack, R, 2001. Pain and the neuromatrix in the brain. Journal of Dental Education, 65, 1378-1382.
  • Melzack, R, 2005. Evolution of the neuromatrix theory of pain. The Prithvi Raj Lecture: presented at the third World Congress of World Institute of Pain, Barcelona 2004. Pain Pract, 5, 85-94.
  • Mccaffery, M & Beebe, A 1989 Pain: clinical manual for nursing practice. St. Louis, Mosby.
  • Fields, HL & Basbaum, AI 1999. Central nervous system mechanisms of pain modulation. In: MELZACK, R. & WALL, P. D. (eds.) Textbook of pain. 4 ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone.
  • Basbaum, AI, 1999. Distinct neurochemical features of acute and persistent pain. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 96, 7739-7743.
  • Basbaum, AI, Bautista, DM, Scherrer, G & Julius, D, 2009. Cellular and molecular mechanisms of pain. Cell, 139, 267-284.
  • Basbaum, AI & Fields, HL, 1978. Endogenous pain control mechanisms: review and hypothesis. Annals of Neurology, 4, 451-462.
  • Basbaum, AI & Fields, HL, 1984. Endogenous pain control systems: brainstem spinal pathways and endorphin circuitry. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 7, 309-338.
  • Moseley, GL, 2003. A pain neuromatrix approach to patients with chronic pain. Man Ther, 8, 130-140.
  • Moseley, GL, 2012. Teaching people about pain: why do we keep beating around the bush? Pain Manage, 2, 1-3.
  • Moseley, GL 2012. Pain: why and how does it hurt? Brukner & Kahn’s Clinical Sports Medicine. North Ryde, NSW: McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd.
  • Moseley, L, 2003. Unraveling the barriers to reconceptualization of the problem in chronic pain: the actual and perceived ability of patients and health professionals to understand the neurophysiology. J Pain, 4, 184-189.
  • Thacker, MA & Moseley, GL, 2012. First-person neuroscience and the understanding of pain. Medical Journal of Australia, 196, 410-411.
  • Hoheisel, U, Mense, S, Simons, D & Yu, X-M, 1993. Appearance of new receptive fields in rat dorsal horn neurons following noxious stimulation of skeletal muscle: a model for referral of muscle pain? Neuroscience Letters, 153, 9-12.
  • Mense, S, 1977. Muscular nociceptors. Journal de Physiologie, 73, 233-240.
  • Mense, S, 1993. Nociception from skeletal muscle in relation to clinical muscle pain. Pain, 54, 241-289.
  • Mense, S, 1994. Referral of muscle pain: new aspects. Amer Pain Soc J, 3, 1-9.
  • Mense, S, 2003. The pathogenesis of muscle pain. Current pain and headache reports, 7, 419-425.
  • Fernández De Las Peñas, C, Cuadrado, M, Arendt-Nielsen, L, Simons, D & Pareja, J, 2007. Myofascial trigger points and sensitization: an updated pain model for tension-type headache. Cephalalgia, 27, 383-393.
  • Hains, G, Descarreaux, M & Hains, F, 2010. Chronic shoulder pain of myofascial origin: a randomized clinical trial using ischemic compression therapy. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 33, 362-369.
  • Hains, G, Descarreaux, M, Lamy, AM & Hains, F, 2010. A randomized controlled (intervention) trial of ischemic compression therapy for chronic carpal tunnel syndrome. J Can Chiropr Assoc, 54, 155-163.
  • Hains, G & Hains, F, 2010. Patellofemoral pain syndrome managed by ischemic compression to the trigger points located in the peri-patellar and retro-patellar areas: A randomized clinical trial. Clinical Chiropractic, 13, 201—209.
  • Grieve, R, Barnett, S, Coghill, N & Cramp, F, 2013. The prevalence of latent myofascial trigger points and diagnostic criteria of the triceps surae and upper trapezius: A cross sectional study. Physiotherapy, 99, 278-284.
  • Grieve, R, Clark, J, Pearson, E, Bullock, S, Boyer, C & Jarrett, A, 2011. The immediate effect of soleus trigger point pressure release on restricted ankle joint dorsiflexion: A pilot randomised controlled trial. Journal of bodywork and movement therapies, 15, 42-49.
  • Anderson, R, Wise, D, Sawyer, T & Nathanson, BH, 2011. Safety and effectiveness of an internal pelvic myofascial trigger point wand for urologic chronic pelvic pain syndrome. Clinical Journal of Pain, 27, 764-768.
  • Grieve, R, Barnett, S, Coghill, N & Cramp, F, 2013. Myofascial trigger point therapy for triceps surae dysfunction: a case series. Man Ther, 18, 519-525.
  • Bron, C, De Gast, A, Dommerholt, J, Stegenga, B, Wensing, M & Oostendorp, RA, 2011. Treatment of myofascial trigger points in patients with chronic shoulder pain: a randomized, controlled trial. BMC Med, 9, 8.
  • Jayaseelan, DJ, Moats, N & Ricardo, CR, 2014. Rehabilitation of proximal hamstring tendinopathy utilizing eccentric training, lumbopelvic stabilization, and trigger point dry needling: 2 case reports. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 44, 198-205.
  • Settergren, R, 2013. Treatment of supraspinatus tendinopathy with ultrasound guided dry needling. J Chiropr Med, 12, 26-29.
  • Nagraba, L, Tuchalska, J, Mitek, T, Stolarczyk, A & Deszczynski, J, 2013. Dry needling as a method of tendinopathy treatment. Ortop Traumatol Rehabil, 15, 109-116.
  • James, SL, Ali, K, Pocock, C, Robertson, C, Walter, J, Bell, J & Connell, D, 2007. Ultrasound guided dry needling and autologous blood injection for patellar tendinosis. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 41, 518-521; discussion 522.
  • Krey, D, Borchers, J & Mccamey, K, 2015. Tendon needling for treatment of tendinopathy: A systematic review. Phys Sportsmed, 43, 80-86.
  • Christian, RA, Rossy, WH & Sherman, OH, 2014. Patellar tendinopathy – recent developments toward treatment. Bull Hosp Jt Dis (2013), 72, 217-224.
  • Housner, JA, Jacobson, JA, Morag, Y, Pujalte, GG, Northway, RM & Boon, TA, 2010. Should ultrasound-guided needle fenestration be considered as a treatment option for recalcitrant patellar tendinopathy? A retrospective study of 47 cases. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 20, 488-490.
  • Mayoral, O, Salvat, I, Martin, MT, Martin, S, Santiago, J, Cotarelo, J & Rodriguez, C, 2013. Efficacy of myofascial trigger point dry needling in the prevention of pain after total knee arthroplasty: a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med, 2013, 694941.
  • France, S, Bown, J, Nowosilskyj, M, Mott, M, Rand, S & Walters, J, 2014. Evidence for the use of dry needling and physiotherapy in the management of cervicogenic or tension-type headache: a systematic review. Cephalalgia, 34, 994-1003.
  • Cummings, TM & White, AR, 2001. Needling therapies in the management of myofascial trigger point pain: a systematic review. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 82, 986-992.
  • Tough, EA, White, AR, Cummings, TM, Richards, SH & Campbell, JL, 2009. Acupuncture and dry needling in the management of myofascial trigger point pain: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Eur J Pain, 13, 3-10.
  • Ong, J & Claydon, LS, 2014. The effect of dry needling for myofascial trigger points in the neck and shoulders: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of bodywork and movement therapies, 18, 390-398.
  • Furlan, A, Tulder, M, Cherkin, D, Tsukayama, H, Lao, L, Koes, B & Berman, B, 2005. Acupuncture and Dry-Needling for Low Back Pain: An Updated Systematic Review Within the Framework of the Cochrane Collaboration. Spine, 30, 944-963.
  • Lucas, KR, Polus, BI & Rich, PS, 2004. Latent myofascial trigger points: their effects on muscle activation and movement efficiency. Journal of bodywork and movement therapies, 8, 160-166.
  • Lucas, KR, Rich, PA & Polus, BI, 2010. Muscle activation patterns in the scapular positioning muscles during loaded scapular plane elevation: the effects of latent myofascial trigger points. Clin Biomechanics, 25, 765-770.
  • Dilorenzo, L, Traballesi, M, Morelli, D, Pompa, A, Brunelli, S, Buzzi, MG & Formisano, R, 2004. Hemiparetic shoulder pain syndrome treated with deep dry needling during early rehabilitation: a prospective, open-label, randomized investigation. J Musculoskeletal Pain, 12, 25-34.
  • Tekin, L, Akarsu, S, Durmus, O, Cakar, E, Dincer, U & Kiralp, MZ, 2013. The effect of dry needling in the treatment of myofascial pain syndrome: a randomized double-blinded placebo-controlled trial. Clinical Rheumatology, 32, 309-315.
  • Gonzalez-Perez, LM, Infante-Cossio, P, Granados-Nunez, M & Urresti-Lopez, FJ, 2012. Treatment of temporomandibular myofascial pain with deep dry needling. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal, 17, e781-785.
  • Gonzalez-Perez, LM, Infante-Cossio, P, Granados-Nunez, M, Urresti-Lopez, FJ, Lopez-Martos, R & Ruiz-Canela-Mendez, P, 2015. Deep dry needling of trigger points located in the lateral pterygoid muscle: Efficacy and safety of treatment for management of myofascial pain and temporomandibular dysfunction. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal, 20, e326-333.
  • Kietrys, DM, Palombaro, KM, Azzaretto, E, Hubler, R, Schaller, B, Schlussel, JM & Tucker, M, 2013. Effectiveness of dry needling for upper-quarter myofascial pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 43, 620-634.

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